Walnut Wheat Couronne Bordelaise Recipe


Couronne mit vielen WalnüssenWalnuts in this whole wheat bread make it taste more indulgent, but it is still packed with nutrition.

We’re smitten this holiday season with Couronne Bordelaise, the beautiful crown-shaped bread of Bordeaux. Couronne is often made with white baguette dough or mostly-white country dough, but we’ve discovered it also works wonderfully for a variety of healthy whole wheat breads.


We first encountered this festive bread on Breadtopia.com. Breadtopia has a great website with quality content, including instructions and a video for shaping a Couronne. The Video is especially helpful and makes forming the crown easy. Definitely a site worth visiting and re-visiting.

Our Walnut-Wheat recipe makes a great Couronne, but the same shaping technique can be used with many bread recipes, as long as the dough is of medium consistency and not too wet. We’ve used sprouted whole wheat flour for this tasty bread, which is sweeter than classic whole wheat flour but just as nutritious. Read more about how to bake with sprouted wheat flour.

Yield: One circular Couronne.


bordelaise TIMELINE

Mix the levain the night before baking. Make the main dough in the morning, and bake the Couronne in the afternoon.




Mature Sourdough, 100% hydration1 Tbs10
Unbleached flour, 11.5-12% protein3/8 Cup55
Water, 20 – 21 °C2 Tbs + 3/4 tsp35
Main Dough
Unbleached flour, 11.5-12% protein1 Cup140
Sprouted Whole Wheat flour*1  1/8 Cups180
Water, about 32 °C7/8 Cup + 1 Tbs220
Instant yeast1/4 tsp1
Honey1 Tbs20
Salt1 3/8 tsp6
Levainall from aboveall from above
Walnut oil2 Tbs + 1 tsp30
Walnuts, chopped7/8 Cup100



*If substituting regular (non-sprouted) whole wheat flour, the main dough will ferment more slowly. Add an autolyse (rest) before kneading the dough, extend the bulk ferment/ first rise until the dough has reached double in size (6 cups), and extend the shaped proof until an indent made in the dough fills in slowly. No changes are necessary to the levain.

Um eine Couronne-Form zu machen, eine kleine Schale auf einem Teller befestigen.

Equipment: Brød & Taylor Folding Proofer, Couronne proofing form or a clean dish towel, 12″ plate or flat basket, 3-4″ diameter bowl and tape. Sheet pan or pizza pan and parchment.

Mix the Levain. Set up the Proofer with water in the tray and the temperature set to 21 ºC. Combine the levain ingredients and knead until smooth, 3-4 minutes. Ferment in the Proofer 12 hours. The levain should be well risen but not yet beginning to deflate.

Mix and Knead the Main Dough. Refill the Proofer’s water tray if needed and set the Proofer to 29 ºC. Place the two flours, yeast and salt in a large bowl and stir to combine. Add the warm water, honey and levain and mix thoroughly. Knead for five minutes, then add the walnut oil and knead until incorporated. (The chopped walnuts will be added later, during shaping). Knead for an additional five minutes after the oil is incorporated.

Vom Teig 150 g wegnehmen und eine Kugel formen. In den übrigen Teig die Walnüsse einarbeiten.

Ferment the Main Dough. Place dough in the Proofer and allow to rise to about 1.5x in volume (about 4 cups). At 30 ºC, this will take about 2½ hours. During the first hour, perform two stretch and folds. For each fold, stretch all four sides of the dough and fold to the center.

Prepare the Nuts and Couronne Form. While the dough is rising, lightly toast the walnuts for 6-8 minutes at 180 ºC and rub them with a kitchen towel to remove a good portion of the skins. To create a Couronne form, tape the small bowl to the center of the plate or basket and cover with a floured kitchen towel or couche.

Geformtes BrotFinal shaped proof.





Add Walnuts and Pre-Shape the Couronne. Cut off a piece of dough weighing 150g and shape into a round. Cover and allow to rest. Add the walnuts to the remaining dough and gently stretch and fold a few times to incorporate. Divide into six equal pieces, about 110g each, and shape into rounds. Cover.

Fill the Couronne Form. Roll out the larger ball of dough (without walnuts) on a floured surface to form an 8″ disc. To ensure good separation of the crown ridge, brush a little oil around the rim of the disk. Place the disc over the center of the form so that it drapes down the sides and extends an inch or so onto the flat surface of the plate or basket. Arrange the six walnut rounds evenly around center disc, ideally so that the edge of the disc hits the center of the round. Use a sharp knife to cut the center of the disc so that there is a triangular flap to wrap over the top of each round.

Walnuss-CouronneWalnut Couronne with St. Andre cheese

Proof the Couronne. Place in the Proofer, still at 27 ºC, and allow to rise until a gentle indent springs back slowly, 45-60 minutes. Preheat the oven to 230 ºC with a stone or sheet pan.

Bake. Remove the Couronne from the Proofer. Lay a sheet of parchment on the sheet or pizza pan and place over the top of the couronne, then invert to transfer the Couronne to the sheet pan. Steam the oven and bake 25-30 minutes, or until the bread reaches and internal temp of about 96 ºC.

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